describes how certain scribes and Pharisees came to Jesus and said "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you."
They were testing Jesus to see if he would produce some great sign that would convince them of his divinity, although they had just witnessed Jesus healing a man with a withered hand and a mute.
Jesus replied that "an evil and adulterous generation" looks for a sign. He said that no sign would be given to them except for the sign of the prophet Jonah. Just as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish for three days and nights, Jesus would be three days and nights in the heart of the earth.
Jesus warned the scribes and Pharisees that the men of Nineveh would rise up at the day of the judgement with their same generation and condemn them. The people of Nineveh repented at the teachings of Jonah. Jesus said, "Behold, a greater than Jonah is here."
Jesus then made a reference to wisdom, through "The queen of the South" who came to hear Solomon.
According to 1 Kings 10:1-13
,The queen of Sheba had heard of the great wisdom of King Solomon, and journeyed to see him to test him with questions. The queen was astounded by Solomon's great wisdom, and gave a blessing to Solomon's God, though she herself did not believe in his God. According to Josephus "Antiquities of the Jews", the queen of Sheba was the queen of Egypt and Ethiopia, who were generally known as worshippers of the sun god. This is supported by other accounts of the queen of Sheba in other ancient texts. Yet she still came to hear Solomon, and blessed the One True God.
Jesus said the queen of Sheba would also rise with the people of Nineveh at the day of the judgement and condemn their generation. Since she came from afar to hear the wisdom of Solomon, she would also condemn them. Solomon was well known for his amazing wisdom, and well respected from the time of their generation even unto today.
Jesus said, "Behold, a greater than Solomon is here."
As Christians, we should ask ourselves: Do we look for a sign? Do we look for healing as a sign, when even the Pharisees did not give credit to healing? Do we accept the greatest sign of all, the resurrection of Jesus Christ? Do we seek after Him with wisdom as the queen of Sheba did Solomon? Do we condemn others who worship other gods, or do we convert them to Christ with wisdom? Do we accept the message of Jesus Christ as the ultimate wisdom? Do we behold the greater than Solomon that is in Jesus Christ?